Today (August 26) is National Toilet Paper Day! Here are some interesting facts about toilet paper to help you celebrate this quirky event!
Americans use 50% more toilet paper than other Western societies. On average, Americans use about 50 pounds of toilet paper per-person per year, compared to people in other Western countries, who use about 33 pounds per year each. Americans also prefer multi-ply paper, which increases the per-person usage rate.
Some interesting things have been used in place of toilet paper. Water, hay, corncobs, leaves, sticks, stones, sand moss, hemp, wool, husks, fruit peels, ferns, sponges, seashells, and broken pottery have all been used in the bathroom at one time or another.
Over or under? About two-thirds of Americans prefer their toilet paper to come off the roll over the top.
Toilet paper was introduced in the US in 1857. Joseph Gayetty is credited with bringing toilet paper to the US market in 1857. The paper was dispensed in flat squares embossed with Gayetty’s name. Gayetty’s Medicated Paper exited the market in the 1920’s, a victim of competition from the more compact and more easily dispensed rolled paper commonly used today.
Rolled toilet paper (and toilet paper rollers) hit the US market in 1883. Seth Wheeler patented both rolled toilet paper and toilet paper dispensers.
Colored toilet paper was available in the US for about 40 years. Scott was the last company to remove colored toilet paper from the US market in 2004. Colored toilet paper is still readily available in European countries.
Hold the color! US consumers prefer bright white, multi-ply paper with decorative designs. While the designs give an embossed look, the toilet paper isn’t truly embossed. The designs are created as part of the drying process during production, and according to the manufacturers, they improve the overall strength of the paper.
Toilet paper is specially designed to decompose. Even though they may feel similar, toilet paper and facial tissues aren’t the same. The fibers used to make toilet paper are very short, which allow the paper to begin disintegrating within seconds of becoming wet. This design allows the paper to dissolve in septic systems. Remarkably, after getting wet, toilet paper still retains about 15% of its dry strength.
The first mention of toilet paper in history was from the 6th century AD. Chinese history records the first mention of the use of toilet paper in the 6th century. By the 14th century, toilet paper was mass-produced in China.
Global toilet paper production consumes 10 million trees each year. Each tree produces about 100 pounds of toilet paper. On average, global toilet paper demand consumes nearly 30,000 trees each day.
Standard size? Not always! The industry standard size of a square of toilet paper is 4.5? x 4.5?. Some manufacturers reduce the size of the square in order to offer a lower retail price.
Toilet paper is a bona fide bestseller! Not surprisingly, toilet paper is ranked third in overall sales of non-food items, and accounts for more than $4 billion in US sales annually.
The US Army used toilet paper as camouflage. During Desert Storm, the US Army used toilet paper to camouflage its tanks.
It doesn’t pay to be British. At least when it comes to buying toilet paper. Britons spend on average about twice as much as other European consumers do on toilet paper, and about three times more than US consumers do for the same product.
Here’s the real reason Canada likes us. The US is the largest exporter of toilet paper in the world. On the other side of the coin, Canada imports more toilet paper from the US than any other country.
*Source: Boston Standard Company
3D Printing, also known as additive manufacturing, refers to the process of creating a three-dimensional object by successive layering of material through a computer controlled robot. This technology was first introduced in the early 1980’s, but has really taken off in the last decade or so, and has really found a place in the aerospace, architecture, automotive, defense, and medical industries. The latest industry to experience the benefits of 3D printing is within plumbing. Since the technology is able to create products with unparalleled detail, such fixtures are highly desired by homeowners who are looking for creative, unique fixtures to accent their home.
DXV by American Standard seems to be at the forefront of the plumbing industry’s use of this technology, recently unveiling the first collection of commercially-available residential faucets created with 3D printing. Their Vibrato Faucet under this new 3D product line even earned them a “BEST of KBIS Gold Award” in the Bath Category at the 2016 Kitchen & Bath Industry Show this month in Las Vegas. The use of such detailed technology provides the designs the ability look as if the water is appearing out of nowhere, since the trunk of the faucet is see through.
DXV has an entire line of 3D printed fixtures. While this initial launch brings a hefty cost of $19,500, as time goes on and the technology becomes more wide-spread, pricing for 3D printed fixtures will hopefully decrease to a much more attainable price tag. For now, one can dream…
Today is National Bubble Bath Day. Yep, it’s a thing, and obviously you need to celebrate it, right? Just in case today is the first you’re hearing of it, we have an easy-to-make honey bubble bath recipe AND a honey and brown sugar body scrub, both consisting of ingredients you should already have in your pantry. Now you have no excuses. Top your hour of “me time” off by running two green tea bags under hot water and placing them over your eyes while you bathe for a DIY eye treatment that reduces inflammation. Enjoy!
Homemade Honey Bubble Bath Recipe:
1 cup baby oil
1/2 cup honey
1/2 cup hand soap or shampoo (preferably unscented, but if not, pick something that will compliment the honey scent)
1 tablespoon vanilla extract
plastic squeeze bottles
In a bowl, add the oil and stir in the remaining ingredients until well blended. Pour mixture into plastic squeezable bottle. Be sure to shake before us, as ingredients will separate and settle a bit in the bottle. Yields two 8 oz. bottles.
Recipe courtesy of Live Laugh Rowe
Honey Brown Sugar Scrub Recipe:
2 1/4 cups brown sugar
1/2 cup olive oil
1/4 cup honey
1 tsp vanilla
1/4 tsp cinnamon (optional)
In a bowl combine all ingredients until fully mixed; store in an airtight container.
Recipe courtesy of A Pumpkin and a Princess
1. The FAA requires ashtrays in aircraft toilets – Although smoking on aircraft has been banned on all U.S. domestic flights since 2000, the FAA requires that ashtrays continue to be fitted to lavatory doors due to the fire risk of someone illegally smoking and disposing the smoking materials.
2. Aircraft are not required to have lavatories – Airlines are not legally obligated to provide a lavatory on an aircraft. Something to think about when airlines are cutting costs…
3. You can unlock a lavatory from the outside – Aircraft bathrooms are designed to be opened from the outside by sliding the knob under the “Lavatory” sign.
4. The vacuum flush – Patented in 1975, most aircraft lavatories are equipped with the ‘vacuum flush’ opposed to the ‘chemical toilet blue water recirculate electric flush’ to mitigate the risk of corrosive waste spill over and be less odor-inducing. (The ‘vacuum flush’ system is also substantially lighter.) Photo Credit: Getty Images
5. The myth that aircraft toilets dump waste overboard when flushed is simply NOT true. Lavatory waste is contained in a holding tank until the aircraft lands. Manufacturers take great care to ensure this holding tank is secure. The apparatus to access the tank is located on the exterior of the plane and cannot be opened mid-flight. So many people believed that airplanes were dumping the bathroom waste inflight that the FAA had to release a fact sheet in 2005 titled, “It Came from the Sky: Human Waste, Blue Ice and Aviation” to dispel public perception that waste was falling from the sky.
And for a quick history lesson on airplane toilets leading up to the invention and installation of the modern day vacuum flush…
• Pre-1930s: Empty buckets at the back of the planes used as toilets, or no toilet facilities were available at all.
• 1930s: First separate plane lavatory installed with removable toilet bowls.
• 1945: First fixed toilet bowl appears on a long-haul passenger plane.
• 1958: Inflight lavatories adopt flush toilets.
• 1975: James Kemper patents the vacuum toilet.
• 1982: First vacuum toilet is installed by Boeing.
*Information for this post was obtained via aviationweek.com and news.com.au.
When you hear “football stadium”, what comes to mind? Chances are you thought of burgers, nachos, and beer.
Football stadium concession stands are always bustling. It’s very rare to see one without a long line in front of it. That being said, at any football stadium during a game, you’ll see at least 60,000 people munching on pizza, burgers, nachos, and soft pretzels and downing beer and other drinks. That’s great, but what happens afterwards? Most likely 60,000 trips to the restroom.
No one really wants to think about it, but there is a high demand for restrooms at any given football stadium. One might not think twice upon seeing as many as 20 restrooms on each floor, but it’s actually a fascinating thing. How on earth could a football stadium that supports at least 60,000 people have a plumbing system that withstands tens of thousands of football fans (who are not usually kind to plumbing) going at the same time?
Let’s find out.
Football stadium plumbing codes are extremely strict. All the plumbing fixtures must all flow at once. The number of lavatories must be at least .06% of the maximum population at the stadium. For example, in a stadium of 60,000 people, there must be at least 3,600 lavatories throughout the entire stadium. The system must meet the flow demand at all times. The standards are extremely strict, especially because a slight plumbing problem can shut down the entire stadium for a long period of time, sometimes even years.
Football stadium plumbing is not to be taken lightly. It’s so important that football stadium plumbing has a different design and approach from that of a house, a school, or even a hospital.
Football stadiums are built to be super durable, so naturally their plumbing systems have to be “state-of-the-art” durable, as well. Every single piece of equipment has to be heavy-duty and vandal-resistant. Stadiums are large construction projects and can take anywhere between 2 and 4 years to complete. There is absolutely no room for error, so the team hired to design and install the plumbing has to be a highly proficient team with an impressive work history.
Once the plumbing system is set up, the plumbing team runs a test with tens of thousands of people to find problems within the system. There could be obstructions in drainage lines, dirty water coming out of the drains, or a ton of other problems. The system has to be completely foolproof before it opens to the public.
When the older stadiums were built a long time ago, the contractors didn’t pay too much attention to plumbing. A lot of problems have (or will) occurred because of that.
That’s why today, new stadiums test their plumbing system rigorously before opening to the public. Sometimes, they would even invite the general public to help them test their toilets. For example, in 1998, the M&T Bank Stadium in Baltimore invited thousands of volunteers to flush at least 1,000 toilets at the same time to ensure that the plumbing system still worked. The test turned out to be a success.
Plumbing is a big concern when building a football stadium. Next time you attend a game, be sure to set aside a moment to appreciate the skilled plumbers who made it possible for you to use the lavatories there.
– This article originally appeared on The Joist Blog and was written by Simon who is working for Fischer Plumbing in Seattle.
Distractify.com has assembled a list of what they consider to be the top 23 places to go to the bathroom before you die.
Among our favorites are the one way mirrored bathroom…
…the underwater bathroom…
…and the glass bottom bathroom. Hope you’re not afraid of heights!
For the full list of bathrooms, visit Distractify.com. If you happen to stop by one of these bathrooms, or if you come across a unique bathroom you think we should know about, take a few pics and send them along to us.